A GLANCE TOWARDS KOLHAPUR DISTRICT
Kolhapur is a city situated in the southwest part of the state of Maharashtra, India. Kolhapur serves as the headquarters of the Kolhapur district. Before Independence, it was a 19 gun zalute princely state ruled by the Bhosale Chhatrapatis of the Maratha Empire. Kolhapur assumes a place amongst the cities having highest per capita income in the country and it’s one of the fastest growing cities in Maharashtra. Kolhapur is known as ‘dakshin (south) kashi’, ‘historical capital of maharashtra state’, ‘door of konkan’ as well as ‘city of wrestlers ‘ and ‘city of arts’. It is also known as a ‘city of palaces and temples’. Kolhapur is situated on the banks of the river Panchganga and is the location of the Temple of Mahalakshmi,a Hindu Goddess
Kolhapur is known for being a centre of art, education, industry, sports, food, headwear, footwear, jewellery and religion, and particularly wrestling. Wrestling is called “Kusti” here, and wrestlers are known as “Malla”. This wrestling match is played in the square clay ground which is known as “Akhada”.
According to legend it was settled by Kolhasur, a demon who was later killed by Mahalakshmi to relieve the local populace. Honouring the demon’s dying wish, the city was named after him.
The physical setting of the Kolhapur district is divided into three main parts: Eastern ranges, Central ranges and Southern ranges. Eastern and Central ranges have black soil formed from lava, and at some places it has large tracts of fertile land. The western ranges are mostly hilly and have red soil. The majority area in the west is under thick forest coverage.
Panchaganga, Warana, Dudhaganga, Vedganga, Bhogavati, Hiranyakeshi and Ghataprabha are main rivers which flow towards east through western Ghats. The river Panchaganga is formed by the tributaries the Kasari, the Kumbi, the Tulsi and the Bhogavati. Krishna River flows in the east on the eastern border of the district, similarly Tillari River flows on the western border.
The popular Kolhapuri Chappal originated and is made here.
Kolhapur is also famous for the best quality of jaggery throughout the country.
Talukas in Kolhapur
Between 1775 and 1825 Kagal was more than once sacked and burned by the Rajas of Kolhapur. The oldest known mention of Kagal is in grants or sanads of the sixteenth century from the Bijapur government. This is the native place of Rajarshi Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur.